The Assembly is the legislative institution of the Republic of Kosovo directly elected by the people. The Assembly has one hundred twenty (120) deputies elected by secret ballot on the basis of open lists. In the framework of this distribution, twenty (20) of the one hundred twenty (120) seats are guaranteed for representation of communities that are not in the majority in Kosovo as follows:
The Kosovo Serb Community has the total number of seats won through the open election, with a minimum ten (10) seats guaranteed if the number of seats won is less than ten (10);
The other Communities have the total number of seats won through the open election, with a minimum number of seats in the Assembly guaranteed as follows: the Roma community, one (1) seat; the Ashkali community, one (1) seat; the Egyptian community, one (1) seat; and one (1) additional seat will be awarded to either the Roma, the Ashkali or the Egyptian community with the highest overall votes; the Bosnian community, three (3) seats; the Turkish community, two (2) seats; and the Gorani community, one (1) seat if the number of seats won by each community is less than the number guaranteed.
Is the head of the state and represents the unity of the people of the Republic of Kosovo.
Any citizen of the Republic of Kosovo, who is thirty five years (35) or older may be elected President of the Republic of Kosovo. The President is elected by the Assembly, in secret ballot. The election of the President of the Republic of Kosovo shall take place no later than thirty (30) days before the end of the current Presidents term of office. The President is elected by a two thirds (2/3) majority of all the deputies of the Assembly.
The Presidents term of office is five (5) years. Upon completion of his/her term of office the President may be reelected only once. The President can not exercise any other public function. After the election, the President can not exercise any political party functions.
The Government of Kosovo exercises the executive power in accordance with the Constitution and with law. The Government of Kosovo is composed by the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers. The Government implements the laws and acts ratified by the Assembly of Kosovo, and carries out other activities within the responsibilities defined by the Constitution and law. The Government takes decisions in accordance with the Constitution and laws, and proposes draft laws and amendments of existing laws and other acts, and may give opinion about the draft laws that were not proposed by the Government.
The Government reports to the Assembly of Kosovo for its work. The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers share the responsibility for the decisions taken by the Government, and take the individual responsibility for the decisions taken in the scope of their responsibilities.